life cycle inventory analysis of co 2 emissions

US EPA Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and Practice

Inputs in the Product Life-Cycle Inventory Analysis Co-Product 38 Exhibit 4-1 Commonly Used Life Cycle Impact Categories 49 Exhibit 5-1 Relationship of Interpretation Steps with other Phases of LCA 55 Exhibit 5-2 Examples of Checklist Categories and Potential Inconsistencies 58 Tables Page Table 3-1 U S National Electrical Grid Fuel Mix for 2004 33 vii Abbreviations BOD biological

Life Cycle Databases

Life Cycle Databases Global database of large stationary point sources of CO 2 emissions from publicly available sources Learn more International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI) A life cycle inventory (LCI) study to quantify resources use energy and environmental emissions associated with the processing of fourteen steel industry products from the extraction of raw materials in the

Methods for Life Cycle Inventory of a product

Life Cycle Inventory analysis (LCI) is defined as a phase of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) involving the compilation and quantification of inputs and outputs for a given product system throughout its life cycle [1] The concept of LCI has been adopted for cleaner production as early as the 1960s and has had broad industrial and academic application in the last decades [2] Compared to the

Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) Ecodesign and EPL

2 Life-Cycle Inventory (LCI): data collection For each life-cycle stage data on material and energy consumption waste and emissions and transportation need to be collected We provide a template that guides you through the data collection process 3 Calculation: Environmental impact assessment

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Dairy Sector

Sensitivity analysis: changes in GHG emissions due to changes in manure management– a case of Sweden 47 Table 4 12 Results from prior life cycle assessment studies of dairy production 52 Table A1 1 Module input and output parameters 62 Table A1 2 Example of herd structure computation for the Netherlands 66 Table A1 3 Calculated animal and management parameters and

Beyond Meat's Beyond Burger Life Cycle Assessment

Beyond Meat's Beyond Burger Life Cycle Assessment: A detailed comparison between a plant-based and an animal-based protein source Report No CSS18-10 September 14 2018 Martin C Heller and Gregory A Keoleian 1 Client: Beyond Meat (Savage River) Title: Beyond Meat's Beyond Burger Life Cycle Assessment: A detailed comparison between a plant-based and an animal-based protein

Life Cycle Inventory Analysis

02 09 2017During the life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis phase of an LCA the collection of data and the modelling of the flows to from and within the product system(s) is done This must be in line with the goal definition (see Chap 7) and (to the extent possible) meet the requirements derived in the scope definition (see Chap 8) The LCI result is a list of quantified elementary flows crossing the

LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY METHODOLOGY REPORT

• Life cycle inventory (LCI) - data collection and calculation of an inventory of materials energy and emissions related to the system being studied • Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) - analysis of data to evaluate contributions to various

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment: Browse and

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment INVENTORY ANALYSIS The CO 2 emissions are based on emission factors specific to Browse and Scarborough gas based on gas composition Methane and nitrous oxide emissions are default values from the National Greenhouse Accounts Factors (2019) The emissions associated with the materials and manufacture

Life Cycle Analysis of the Climate Impact of Electric Vehicles

GHG of producing the equipment adds to 46-81 g CO 2/km depending on the source If a longer life time is considered 250 000 km the impact of the equipment cycle drops to 28-49 g CO 2/km Most often the bill-of-material of a specific vehicle is confidential and reserved only for the manufacturer This

Wood in Our Future: The Role of Life

Wood in Our Future: The Role of Life-Cycle Analysis: Proceedings of a Symposium Washington DC: The National Academies Press doi: 10 17226/5734 Save Cancel Chapter 7 Life-Cycle Assessment for Paper Products Richard A Denison Environmental Defense Fund The Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) in conjunction with a group of major U S paper purchasers recently conducted a life-cycle

Parking infrastructure: energy emissions and

Using these estimates a life-cycle environmental inventory is performed to capture the energy consumption and emissions of greenhouse gases CO SO 2 NO X VOC (volatile organic compounds) and PM 10 (PM: particulate matter) from raw material extraction transport asphalt and concrete production and placement (including direct indirect and supply chain processes) of space

Regional Variability and Uncertainty of Electric Vehicle

Regional Variability and Uncertainty of Electric Vehicle Life Cycle CO 2 Emissions across the United States Mili-Ann M Tamayao † Jeremy J Michalek * † ‡ Chris Hendrickson † Ins M L Azevedo † View Author Information † Department of Engineering and Public Policy Carnegie Mellon University 129 Baker Hall Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 15213 United States ‡ Department of

Life cycle assessment and embodied carbon

The term 'embodied carbon' refers to the lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions (expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents – CO 2 e) that occur during the manufacture and transport of construction materials and components as well as the construction process itself and end-of-life aspects of the building In recent years the term 'embodied carbon' of construction materials and products

Life Cycle Assessment of Coal

Life Cycle Assessment of Coal-fired Power Production Pamela L Spath Margaret K Mann and Dawn R Kerr Including contributions on process definition and data acquisition from: John Marano and Massood Ramezan Federal Energy Technology Center Prepared under Task No BP911030 i EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Coal has the largest share of utility power generation in the United States

Scope 3 GHG emissions

SimaPro is a life cycle analysis (LCA) software package with access to a range of international life cycle databases In the Australian context emission factors and other life cycle data is maintained in the Australian National Life Cycle Inventory Database (AusLCI) The available AusLCI unit process for regional train travel uses electricity as the fuel for operation As Vline trains were

Intersection of Life

Intersection of Life-Cycle Analysis Data and Emissions Inventories: A Case Study of Mobile Source Fuel Production C Parsons R Cook M Zawacki K Borgert J Brown A Eyth J Vukovich US EPA A Verma ORISE/US EPA (former) A Zubrow VOLPE Center/DOT Emissions Inventory Conference August 16 2017 8/22/2017 U S Environmental Protection Agency 1 Overview •Context •Mobile

Data requirements and principles for calculating the life

Data requirements and principles for calculating the life cycle GHG intensity of novel transport fuels and invitation to submit data 1) a characterisation of all emissions of CO 2 or non-CO 2 climate pollutants occurring within the system boundary c) if electricity is exported from the process a characterisation of the steam conditions (where applicable) at the input and output of the

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Solar

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Solar Photovoltaics Over the last thirty years hundreds of life cycle assessments (LCAs) have been conducted and published for a variety of residential and utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) systems These LCAs have yielded wide-ranging results Variation could be attributed to differences in technologies evaluated (i e differing system

Chapter 2 LIFE

Chapter 2 LIFE-CYCLE INVENTORY A LCI is the identification and quantification of the material resource emission waste and product flows from the unit processes in the life-cycle of a product system (Figure 2-1) For the DfE LFSP LCI inputs (a k a resource flows) include materials used in the solders themselves ancillary materials used in processing and manufacturing of the solders

Life Cycle Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Natural

nonrenewable energy as well as 0 3 kilograms of CO 2 eq (carbon dioxide equivalent) Although the total life cycle emissions were reduced the kenaf-fiber composite did see an increase in nitrogen and phosphorus-related emissions due to fertilizer use (Kim 2008) Regardless of the

OFFICE OF FOSSIL ENERGY

Figure 6-2: Life Cycle GHG Emissions for Natural Gas and Coal Power in Asia 10 Figure 6-3: Speciated Life Cycle GHG Emissions of Natural Gas Power –U S LNG to Rotterdam Scenario 11 Figure 6-4: Speciated Life Cycle GHG Emissions of Natural Gas Power –Russian NG to Rotterdam Scenario 12 Figure 6-5: Speciated Life Cycle GHG Emissions of Coal Power 12 Figure 6-6:

Life cycle inventory analysis of hydrogen production by

A life cycle inventory analysis has been conducted to assess the environmental load specifically CO (fossil) emissions and global warming potential (GWP) associated to the production of hydrogen by the steam reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks (methane and

Life Cycle Inventory of CO 2 in an Enhanced Oil Recovery

Life Cycle Inventory of CO 2 in an Enhanced Oil Recovery Also shown are the life cycle CO 2 emissions resulting from producing an equivalent amount of electricity and oil produced to that within the system boundary of each CO 2 −EOR project For example the SAROC Unit produces 402 million bbls of oil and 99 7 million KWh of electricity Recall that all the captured CO 2 injected into

The Greenhouse Gas Emission from Portland Cement

24 06 2016The GHG emissions of the three phases are analyzed by a life cycle inventory method The CO 2 e is used to indicate the GHG emissions The results show that for 1 km Portland cement concrete pavement construction the total CO 2 e is 8215 31 tons Based on the evaluation results the CO 2 e of the raw material production phase is 7617 27 tons accounting for 92 7% of the total GHG emissions

ADDDENDUM TO THE LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA AND

ADDDENDUM TO THE LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA AND ENVIRONMENTAL METRICS FOR THE PRIMARY ALUMINIUM INDUSTRY 2015 DATA FINAL August 2018 Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 3 2 LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA 4 2 1 Integration of LCI Data 4 2 2 Using the LCI Data 5 3 LIFE CYCLE IMPACT MODELLING 6 3 1 Background data: updating electricity datasets 7 3 1 1 Gulf

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